In an announcement on Monday, the United Kingdom-based rights group mentioned the “alarming” demise toll was primarily based “on credible reviews” it had acquired, including that the precise determine was prone to be greater.
Amnesty mentioned there have been “dozens of deaths” in Shahriar metropolis in Tehran province. It didn’t present a location breakdown for the variety of folks killed in different components of the nation.
Iran, which has not given a definitive demise toll, has beforehand rejected Amnesty’s figures.
Demonstrations broke out in mid-November following an abrupt choice by authorities to roll out a petrol-rationing scheme and slash subsidies as a part of efforts to offset the impact of punishing US sanctions. The transfer despatched costs by not less than 50 p.c.
Iran has accused “thugs” linked to its rivals for the unrest, which it described because the work a “very harmful conspiracy”. Some 200,000 folks took half within the protests, in accordance with officers, whereas a whole bunch of banks and authorities websites had been torched. A legislator was quoted as saying this week that 7,000 folks had been arrested by authorities, who additionally shut down the web for nearly per week.
‘Horrific killing spree’
In its assertion, Amnesty mentioned it had verified and analysed in depth video footage that confirmed safety forces taking pictures at unarmed protesters.
“The large use of deadly drive was a manner of nipping the protests within the bud,” Raha Bahreini, Amnesty’s Iran researcher, informed Al Jazeera.
“The escalation of using drive is obvious from the truth that protesters had been shot from shut vary. Protesters had been additionally shot from the rooftops and in a single case from a helicopter. This represents a regression even by the Iranian authorities’s personal requirements.”
Amnesty mentioned it had ascertained the credibility of the reviews by interviewing a variety of sources inside and out of doors the international locations together with family members of the victims, journalists and human rights activists concerned in accumulating the knowledge.
In keeping with its info, households of victims had been threatened and warned to not communicate to the media, or to carry funeral providers, Amnesty mentioned.
It described the demise toll as “proof that Iran’s safety forces went on a horrific killing spree” and urged the worldwide neighborhood to assist guarantee accountability.
“Except the authorities are held to account by the United Nations and the worldwide neighborhood, the illegal killing will worsen and we’ll see extra bloodshed,” Bahreini mentioned.
In the meantime, Omid Memarian, deputy director on the US-based Centre for Human Rights in Iran, known as on Tehran to permit Javaid Rehman, the UN particular rapporteur on the state of affairs of human rights in Iran, to enter the nation and “examine these crimes”.
“Iran has repeatedly failed to research circumstances of rights violations previously a long time and to carry perpetrators accountable,” he informed Al Jazeera.
For its half, the Everlasting Mission of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the UN in Geneva mentioned in an announcement to Al Jazeera that Tehran “has good causes to suspect the credibility of the reviews launched by AI [Amnesty International] resulting from its previous sample of over-reliance on discredited and unreliable sources and due to sure in-built biases regarding Iran.”
It added: “Iran totally respects the suitable to peaceable assemblies.
“The truth that a whole bunch of legislation enforcement and police forces plus harmless residents had been among the many casualties and that the safety authorities exercised most restraint and care even in coping with those that abused the protests to undermine public security and harm private and non-private property is testimony to this.”